, pub-9294893883853578, DIRECT, f08c47fec0942fa0 What Humans Living On Mars Will Look Like In 1,000 Years, Life on Mars Facts

What Humans Living On Mars Will Look Like In 1,000 Years, Life on Mars Facts

When it comes to colonizing new worlds, Mars can be humanity's best option. But the journey won't be like it was in the past for pioneers like Magellan, Gagarin, and Neil Armstrong.

What Humans Living On Mars Will Look Like In 1,000 Years, Life on Mars Facts

Even though with Recent discoveries on Mars, this new frontier would be the most extreme challenge yet. It's not just learning how to survive on an alien planet with less oxygen, a weaker gravitational pull, Mars water issue and more harmful radiation. It's enduring the changes that these extreme conditions will have on the human body, and other challenges of living on Mars, manipulating it in ways that we can only begin to imagine.

Let's have a look at some interesting Mars facts that how life on Mars will look in 1,000 years.

Living on Mars will make you taller?

Even astronauts know that you don't have to spend much time off the earth to notice changes. The lower Mars gravity can kickstart a whole list of physical alterations.

Former NASA astronaut, Scott Kelly. He lived for an entire year on the International Space Station. Without Earth's gravitational pull, the zero-gravity weakened his bones and muscles and expanded the space between his vertebrae, making him two inches taller.

Now, the zero-gravity environment in space is more extreme than on Mars planet. However, these changes could still happen on smaller scales. And if you compound them over hundreds of years of tens of generations, the results could be similar and even more pronounced. Basically, humans will adapt to Mars' conditions in one of two ways.

You will be weak or strong?

In the first few centuries, our skeletons and muscles will likely shrink and we'll become weaker versions of our earthling counterparts. This would almost certainly lead to shorter lifespans and health complications. Including neurological disorders, if our skulls shrink with the rest of us.

So to survive, we may over millennia, actually undergo the opposite reaction. Evolving stronger, more robust bodies like the Tharks in Edgar Rice Burroughs' sci-fi novel, A Princess of Mars. 

What Humans Living On Mars Will Look Like In 1,000 Years, Life on Mars Facts

Skin turning Orange?

Many people assume humans will be having six arms and green skin, well it is less likely to happen.

In fact, Scientists think in mars life we'd actually develop orange skin, not green. It turns out, the carotenoids that make carrots, sweet potatoes, and pumpkins look orange offer a certain amount of protection against harmful UV radiation.  When we eat these pigments in large amounts, we actually get a boost of protective carotene in our bloodstream and under our skin.

So yeah, eating too many carrots can turn you orange but it may also be a great defense against cancer on Mars. 

Next species of human?

Our big orange bodies may not just look different on the outside. One of the most profound changes we could have coming is the next species of human. Higher levels of radiation on Mars' surface would mutate the DNA in our cells at an accelerated pace.

Normally, a species like homo sapiens could take a few hundred thousand years to evolve on Earth. But some scientists say the higher mutation rate could spawn new human species within centuries. 10 times faster than on Earth.

So, if the radiation didn't outright kill us, the mutations that survive will be passed down through generations. Ultimately, diversifying the gene pool and allowing natural selection to do its job. As exciting as that may sound, there is a potential downside to all of this.

The relation between Martian and Earthling?

If one day in the future, a martian falls in love with an earthling, it can only end in tragedy. The immune systems of Martians and earthlings will be completely different.

A meeting between the two could be just as deadly as when two foreign groups have met in the past. Like the European settlers who gave smallpox to the Native Americans.

Also, depending on how genetically different they are, even if they could meet, they may not be able to have martian earthlings of their own since only closely related species can reproduce.

What Humans Living On Mars Will Look Like In 1,000 Years

Effects of massive amounts of UV?

The planet's thin atmosphere lets in massive amounts of UV and other high energy radiation compared to Earth. For example, the average earthling receives about three millisieverts of radiation per year versus the 30 that they would get on Mars. 

To compare here's the minimum radiation dose it takes to drastically increase your risk of cancer. Add up the annual radiation levels on Mars over a lifetime and the average martian would receive 5,000 times more radiation than someone on Earth.

Mars life may be the best chance for humanity's survival but it may not be humans who live there in the end.

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