Iran Guard unveils secret space program at a satellite launch

TEHRAN,Iran’s Revolutionary Guard launched its first satellite into space Wednesday, dramatically revealing what experts described as a secret military space program that could advance its ballistic missile development amid wider tensions between the Islamic Republic and the U.S.

Using a mobile launcher at the new launch site, the Guard,s said it put the “Noor," satellite into a low orbit circling the Earth. While the U.S., Israel, and other countries turn down to immediately confirm the satellite reached orbit, their criticism counsel they believed the launch did happen.

It began when Iran overturned all sanctions for its nuclear deal with world powers, which President Donald Trump has unilaterally withdrawn from the United States since 2018. US drone strike in January kill senior Iranian general in Iraq,  ThenTehran fired ballistic missiles at US troops in Iraq.

As the world suffers from the coronavirus epidemic and historically low oil prices, this missile launch could signal Iran's renewed willingness to take risks. Trump himself later tweeted that he told the US Navy that "if they disturb our ships, shoot and destroy all Iranian gunboats,

"Now that you have a high-pressure campaign, Iran has so much to lose," said Fabien Heinz, a researcher at the James Barley Institute for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey, California.

The Guardian said the three-stage satellite launch came from Iran's central desert.

Heinz said that based on official media photos, it began at the previously unidentified guard base in Shahrod, Iran, northeast of Tehran. The base is located in Siman Province, which hosts the Imam Khomeini spaceport from which Iran's civilian space program operates.

The paramilitary said it used a "Qased," or “Messenger,” satellite carrier to space the device, which was previously unheard-of system. He described the system as using both liquid and solid fuel. Heinz said such a system could allow Iran to quickly transport a rocket to fuel while stressing more information was needed about the launch.

On Wednesday, the 41st anniversary of the establishment of the guard was celebrated by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iran's late leader. An image of a rocket carrying a satellite showed that it contained a Qur'anic verse that was usually recited during the journey, as well as a drawing of the earth, with the word Allah in Persian. It is not yet clear what satellite he has taken.

Head, Hussein Hussein Salami said, "Today, the world's powerful armies do not have a comprehensive defence plan without space, and the acquisition of high technology that takes us into space and expands the scope of our capabilities, Is a strategic success. " Guard's

The guard, which operates its military infrastructure in parallel to Iran's regular armed forces, is a tough force only responsible for Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

International criticism soon began. The Israeli Foreign Ministry described the launch as "the guide to Iran's continued development of modern missile technology." German Foreign Ministry spokesman Christopher Berger warns that "the Iranian rocket program has an unstable impact on the region and is unacceptable because of our European security interests."

Pentagon spokesman, US Army Major, Rob Ludwick, told the Associated Press that US officials were monitoring Iran's program.

Although Tehran does not have intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) at present, the desire to have a strategic counter from the United States can prove useful in producing ICBMs said Ludovic.

The Americans allege on Iran launching such a satellite, this violates the Security Council's resolution, calling on Iran not to engage in any activity related to ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons.

Tehran said that it did not violate the US resolution regarding its ballistic missile program because it "demanded" Iran not to conduct such experiments.

However, it raises new questions.  While Iran isn’t known to have the know-how to miniaturize a nuclear weapon for a ballistic missile, any progress toward intercontinental ballistic missiles will be pushed to Europe and possibly to the US. Iran has said it would limit its ballistic missiles under Khamenei order to 2,000 kilometres (1,240 miles).

Iranian commentators described Wednesday's launch as honouring Hassan Tehrani Moghaddam, a Guard commander who led its missile development until he died in 2011 in a massive explosion at a facility outside of Tehran that killed 16 others. The state-run IRAN newspaper around that time quoted the slain commander's brother as saying he worked on an ICBM program, though the brother later denied that in subsequent interviews.
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